The drawing down of Operation Barkhane provides an opportunity for the reappraisal of counterterrorism efforts in the Sahel. Rather than just looking at ways of increasing the efficacy of military operations, a broader approach could integrate insights from literature on how terrorist groups end.
Based on a forthcoming journal article, we examine the considerations in play for prospective Japanese membership of the ‘Five Eyes’ signals intelligence alliance, the barriers to entry for third-parties, and the idea and reality of the alliance in international politics.
Between 1992 and 2020, roughly half of all homicide victims in the Netherlands were born abroad, which is striking as they only make up a small percentage of the population. We reflect on the representation of immigrant groups in the Dutch ‘homicide landscape’ over the last 30 years.
Regardless of the political context, century or continent, the primary motivator for war and struggle remains the instinctual fear of humans incited by their urge to survive. That fear can easily be fed by leaders systematically emphasizing that ‘something’ is at stake because ‘someone’ is a threat.